点点娱乐官网-宁波大学837英语教学论专硕考研真题详解——才聪学习网

原标题:宁波大学837英语教学论专硕考研真题详解——才聪学习网

2021年宁波大学教师教育学院837英语教学论[专业硕士]考研全套资料

第1章 语言和语言学习

才聪学习网:英语教学考研

1.1 复习笔记

本章要点:

1. The way we learn languages

我们习得语言的方式

2. Views on language

语言观点

3. The structural view of language

结构主义语言理论

4. The functional view of language

功能主义语言理论

5. The interactional view of language

交互语言理论

6. Common views on language learning

关于语言学习的普遍观点

7. Process-oriented theories and condition-oriented theories

强调过程的语言学习理论和强调条件的语言学习理论

8. The behaviorist theory

行为主义学习理论

9. Cognitive theory

认知学习理论

10. Constructivist theory

建构主义学习理论

11. Socio-constructivist theory

社会建构主义理论

12. Qualities of a good language teacher

一个好的语言老师必备的素养

13. Teacher’s professional development

教师专业技能发展

本章考点:

我们如何习得语言;结构主义语言理论;功能主义语言理论;交互语言理论;关于语言学习的普遍观点;强调过程的语言学习理论和强调条件的语言学习理论;行为主义学习理论;认知学习理论;建构主义学习理论;社会建构主义理论;成为一个好的语言老师所要具备的基本素质;教师专业技能发展图。

本章内容索引:

Ⅰ. The way we learn languages

Ⅱ. Views on language

1. The structural view of language

2. The functional view of language

3. The interactional view of language

Ⅲ. Views on language learning and learning in general

1. Research on language learning

2. Common views on language learning and learning in general

(1)Behaviorist theory

(2)Cognitive theory

(3)Constructivist theory

(4)Socio-constructivist theory

Ⅳ. Qualities of a good language teacher

Ⅴ. Development of a good language teacher

Ⅵ. An overview of the book

This chapter serves as an introduction for setting the scene for this methodology course. It discusses issues concerning views on language and language learning or learning in general with the belief that such views will affect teachers’ ways of teaching and thus learners’ ways of learning. The qualities of a good language teacher are also discussed in order to raise the participants’ awareness of what is required for a good English teacher.

这一章主要是介绍教学法的方法论,其中讨论的问题涉及语言和语言学习的观点,或者一般学习及这些观点对教师教学方式和学习者学习方式的影响,本章也讨论了一个好的英语教师应具备的素质,以提高语言教学参与者对优秀英语教师相关要求的意识。

Ⅰ. The way we learn languages(我们习得语言的方式)

Much of human behaviour is influenced by their experiences. The way language teachers teach in the classroom is to some extent influenced by the way they learned languages. This is especially true in foreign language teaching.

大多数人类行为受过往经验的影响。语言老师在课堂上的教学方式也会受到他们语言学习方式的影响。在学习外语时尤为如此。

The challenge confronting language teaching is how teaching methodology can ensure successful learning by all the learners who have more differences than the commonality.

语言教学面临的挑战是:教学法如何才能保证不同之处多于相同之处的学习者成功习得语言。

Ⅱ. Views on language(语言理论)

【考点:结构主义语言理论、功能主义语言理论、交互语言理论的定义及具体应用】

Three views about the nature of language: There are many possible theoretical positions about the nature of language. Here are three different views which are explicitly or implicitly reflected in current approaches to language learning.

关于语言本质的三种观点:在语言的本质上有很多潜在的语言观点,当前语言学习的方法直接或间接反映了三种不同观点。

1. The structural view of language(结构主义语言理论)

The structural view of language is that language is a system of structurally related elements for the transmission of meaning.

结构主义语言理论认为语言是一个用于传递意义的系统,其中各因素在结构上相互联系。

(1)The elements of language system语言系统的因素

①phonological units (phonemes) 语音单位(音素)

②grammatical units (phrases, clauses, sentences) 语法单位(词组、从句、句子)

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